Located in Central Asia and bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, the Kyrgyz Republic is largely defined by the mountain ecosystems that cover some 90% of the territory. Agriculture is the country’s main industry contributing nearly 40% of the GDP and accounting for over 60% of employment in the country. However, since 1964, the population has doubled, while land resources available for agricultural production have remained the same. While land reforms have facilitated a rapid transformation away from a Russian collective/state farm system to private farming, there remains fairly low productivity on much of the arable land. In addition, inefficient land management of pasture lands has led to uneven development, resulting in various forms of land degradation, from salinization to the loss of soil fertility, smaller herds and decreased animal breeding capacity. The uneven development within the country has also led to decreased incomes and quality of life, and migration from villages to urban areas, both within the country and abroad.
Roots of Peace is leading a six month assessment, on behalf of HTSPE Ltd., to help the Government design an investment project to address constraints to increasing agricultural productivity and profitability in the Issyk Kul, Naryn, Talas, and Chui oblasts in the northern part of the Kyrgyz Republic. The outcome of the assessment will be the agreed design for the resulting project. The impact of the technical assistance is sustained improvement in the productivity of agriculture land and a poverty reduction strategy that includes improved land management and transport infrastructure, more access to credit, better marketing, and the creation of a dynamic agroprocessing subsector.